ZINGIBER ZERUMBET Sm.

Family: Zingiberaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Mahabaribach, Ekangi.

Tribal Name: Murada (Chakma); Pala (Tanchangya).

Description of the Plant:
A rhizomatous herb, with a leafy stem up to 1.5 m high. Rhizome pale yellow inside. Leaves sessile or sub-sessile, 20-30 cm long, lanceolate or oblanceolate, acuminate, lower surface silky pubescent when young; ligule 1.5-3 cm, membranous, entire. Inflorescence radical, peduncle 30-70 cm long, spikes 7-12 cm long, ovate-oblong, often rounded at tips, red when mature. Corolla tube 2.5-3 cm long, lobes white or yellowish. Labellum light yellow-creamy, 3-lobed; mid-lobe about 1.8 cm broad, suborbicular, bifid.

Using Information:
Rhizome is used like ginger. It is employed as a remedy for cough, asthma, worms, leprosy and other skin diseases. In Khagrachari, rhizome juice is used for cough and asthma. In Rangamati, the rhizome is used along with Kaempferia parviflora for the treatment of gastric pain by the Chakma. Marma in Banderban use rhizome for skin diseases.

Ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of the plant possesses wide range of good antibacterial and antifungal properties (Anwar et al., 2007 & Begum et al., 2007).

Chemical Constituents:
Rhizome contains 42% starch and 1.1% (fresh wt. basis) essential oil. Oil contains zerumbone (8-oxohumulene), two terpenoids- humulene monoxide and humulene dioxide; two ketones humulene epoxide I and humulene epoxide II and humulenol along with (+)α-curcumene and caryophyllene epoxide. A new sesquiterpene epoxy ketone zerumbone oxide has also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 1993).


Zingiber Zerumbet
ZINGIBER ZERUMBET Sm.


Distribution:
All over the country in fallow shady areas.


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Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part Y-Z