Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Z. hamiltonianum Wall. ex Hook. f.
Description of the plant:
A large evergreen, scandent shrub, armed with recurved prickles. Leaves imparipinnate, 20-40 cm long; rachis armed with recurved prickles on the back; leaflets 5-7, oblong to ovate-oblong, 5-15 cm long, abruptly and rather long acuminate. Flowers small, dull-white, shortly pedicelled in slender, puberulous, axillary, fascicled panicles, 7.5- 10 cm long. Fruit obliquely ovoid, the size of a pepper-kernel.
The plant is aromatic and stimulant. Roots are used as fish poison.
Essential oil isolated from seeds contain β-phellandrene, phenylethyl acetate, methyl cinnamate, linalool, an unknown carbonyl compound and a solid compound. Bark contans nitidine (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
In the forests of Sylhet.