ZANONIA INDICA L.

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Description of the plant:
Scandent, climbing to a height of 9-15 m; stem stout woody. Tendrils elongate, terete. Leaves coriaceous, deciduous, 7.5-15 cm long, ovate-oblong, acute, entire, base rounded or slightly cordate. Male flowers in racemes or panicles, 15-30 cm long; petals greenish yellow, oblong, obtuse, 4 mm long. Female flowers in 5-12 flowered racemes, 10-30 cm long; petals ovate-oblong, 6-8 mm long. Capsule 5-10 cm long, cylindric-obconic.

Using information:
The plant is febrifuge. Leaves are applied topically to reduce inflammation. Leaf paste mixed with milk and butter is applied as a liniment in spasmodic affections. Fruits are cooling, laxative and aperient; cures asthma, cough and bronchitis.

Distribution:
In fallow lands.


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