Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Carapa moluccensis Lam.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Passur, Pussur (Sunderbans); Ail (Chakaria Sunderban).
English Name: The Puzzle Fruit Tree.
Description of the Plant:
A tall, glabrous, evergreen tree about 12 m high, with comperatively small crown. Leaves abruptly paripinnate, 10-25 cm long; leaflets usually 2, sometimes 3 pairs, thinly ovate from broad base, shortly bluntish-acuminate, 5-10 cm long. Flowers small, pinkish yellow in slender, lax panicles, 7-12 cm long, in the axils of leaves. Fruit the size of an orange, globose, 4-grooved, 7-13 cm across.
The uses are more or less same as Xylocarpus granatum (no. 735). Juice of stem bark and young fruits is taken as laxative.
Limonoids, xyloccensins A,B,C,D,E and F and methyl-angolensate have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
In mangrove forests of the southern districts. (Sundarban, Chakaria Sundarban).