Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: X. obovatus Juss., Carapa obovata Bl., C. granatum (Koen.) Alston.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dhundal, Dhundul, Tutul, Karamphul; Dhundul, Dhuttol (Sundarbans); Karamfola, Karambola (Chakaria Sundarban).
English Name: The Puzzle Fruit Tree.
Description of the Plant:
A small to medium-sized, glabrous, evergreen tree. Leaves abruptly pinnate, 7.5-15 cm long, occasionally simple; leaflets 1-2 pairs, coriaceous, oblong-obovate or elliptic, 7-10 cm long, apex obtuse, base narrowed, very shortly petioled. Flowers small in axillary few-flowered cymose panicles, 4-7 cm long. Fruit large, 15-25 cm across, globose.
The bark is astringent and febrifuge; used for dysentery, diarrhoea and other abdominal troubles. Fruits are used as a cure for swellings of the breast and elephantiasis. The seeds ash mixed with sulphur and cocunut oil is applied as an ointment for itch.
Different parts of the plant contain tannin. Unripe fruits contain tannin, a secoiridoid hemiacetal acetal, xylomollin and the limonoids, xyloccensis A-F and methyl angolensate. Seeds also contain the limonoids, xylocarpin, xyloccensis A-F, 7- α -O-Ac-dihydronomilin, mexicanolide and methyl angolensate and a fatty oil. A lignoid, xyloccensin K and a mixture of steroids, long chain fatty acids and alcohols have been isolated from the seeds. Wood contains anti-fungal compound, gedunin. Anti-micorbial and insect antifeedant N-Me-flindersine compound and other alkaloids are present in the root-bark (Ghani, 2003). Bark contains friedelin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, methyl-3β-isopropyl-1-oxomeliacate, methyl- 3β-acetoxy-1-oxomeleacate and triacontanol. Friedelin and a mixture of two unidentified tetranortriterpenoids have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Coastal districts of Bangladesh in mangrove forests.