Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: W. floribunda Salisb., Lythrum fruitcosum L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dhaiphul, Dhatriphul, Dhai.
Tribal Name: Se Be Gra (Marma); Mricha (Murong).
English Name: Fire-flame Bush, Shiranjitea.
Description of the Plant:
A straggling leafy shrub, reaching 3.6 m high; branches long, spreading. Leaves 5-9 cm long, opposite or subopposite, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, acute. Flowers tubular, bright red, numerous, in short 2-15 flowered cymes from the axils of former, less commonly of present leaves. Capsule 1 cm long.
Flowers and leaves are stimulant and astringent; used in dysentery, diarrhoea, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, ulcers, wounds and toothache. Dried flowers are useful in disorders of the mucous membranes, haemorrhoides and derangements of the liver. Leaves are useful in bilious sickness. The bark is uterine sedative and anthelmintic; used in thirst, dysentery, leprosy and erysipelas. Ethanolic extract of the leaf possesses antibacterial and antifungal activities (Taniya, 2004). Extract of the flowers possessed significant abotifacient activity in mice (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Woodfordin C and oenothein B exhibit potent antitumour activity (Ghani, 2003).
Flowers are very rich in tannins, particularly hydrolysable tannins. Cyanidin-3.5-diglucoside, octacosanol, β-sitosterol and chrysophenol-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside have also been isolated from flowers. Leaves contain ellagic acid, polystachoside, myricetin-3-galactoside and pelargonidin-3,5-diglucoside. Plant also contains woodfordins A, B, C, D, E and F, oenothein A and B, trimeric hydrolysable tannins, and tetrameric hydrolysable tannin. (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Hill slopes in Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.