WIKSTROEMIA INDICA (L.) C.A. Mey.

Family: Thymelaeaceae

Synonyms: W. viridiflora Meissn., Daphne indica L. English name: Small-leaf Salago.

Description of the Plant:
A small slender bushy shrub, about 60 cm tall. Leaves subcoriaceous, crowded, oblong or obovate, rounded at tip, base cuneate, 2.5 cm long. Flowers in very short, terminal fascicles. Perianth-tube glabrous, yellow, 1 cm long, lobes short. Drupe ellipsoid, scarlet, 5 mm long.

Using information:
The root and stem bark are considered vesicant and purgative; mixed with salt and ginger is given as a purgative. It is also used as a fish poison.

Wikstromol contained in the plant showed CNS depressant activity in rabbits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Chemical constituents:
A new lignan – wikstromol along with arctigenin, matairesinol and pinoresinol have been isolated from this plant. Plant also contains wikstrosin and daphnoretin (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Hill forests of Chittagong.


Wikestroemia Indica
WIKSTROEMIA INDICA (L.) C.A. Mey.



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Retutn from WIKSTROEMIA INDICA to Medicinal Plants: Part W-X