Family: Verbenaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Panisamalu, Chhoto Nishinda, Kowa-nouda.

Tribal Name: Niramizhechi, Khupaninda (Chakma).

Description of the Plant:
An aromatic shrub or small tree. Leaves simple and 3-foliate; leaflets 2.5-7 cm long, obovate, tip obtuse or blunt, base rounded or cuneate, glabrous above, matted with grayish tomentum beneath. Flowers purplish blue, in white tomentose, panicles. Fruit a drupe about 5 mm across, ellipsoid, black when ripe.

Using information:
Leaves possess anthelmintic and insecticidal properties; used chiefly in rheumatic pains, inflammation and sprains; infusion of the powdered leaves are given in intermittent fever. Extract of the leaves possesses antitubercular and anticancer activity. Leaves are also used for hydrocele and stomachache in Khagrachari. The flowers are prescribed in fevers accompanied with vomiting and severe thirst. The fruit is emmenagogue; employed in amenorrhoea. Roots are tonic, expectorant and febrifuge.

Chemical constituents:
An essential oil and alkaloids have been isolated from the leaves and bark of this plant. Particularly leaves contain flavones, artemetin and 7-desmethyl artemetin and some non-flavonoid components. The major monoterpenes found in the leaf oil are 1,8-cineole, terpinylacetate, sabinene and α-pinene and the major sesquiterpene is caryophyllene (Ghani, 2003). Leaves also contain friedelin, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol glycoside, a long chain hydrocarbon (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). A new alkaloid – vitricin have also been isolated from this plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Vitext Trifolia

Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar and other coastal districts.

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Retutn from VITEX TRIFOLIA to Medicinal Plants: Part U-V