Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Panisamalu, Chhoto Nishinda, Kowa-nouda.
Tribal Name: Niramizhechi, Khupaninda (Chakma).
Description of the Plant:
An aromatic shrub or small tree. Leaves simple and 3-foliate; leaflets 2.5-7 cm long, obovate, tip obtuse or blunt, base rounded or cuneate, glabrous above, matted with grayish tomentum beneath. Flowers purplish blue, in white tomentose, panicles. Fruit a drupe about 5 mm across, ellipsoid, black when ripe.
Leaves possess anthelmintic and insecticidal properties; used chiefly in rheumatic pains, inflammation and sprains; infusion of the powdered leaves are given in intermittent fever. Extract of the leaves possesses antitubercular and anticancer activity. Leaves are also used for hydrocele and stomachache in Khagrachari. The flowers are prescribed in fevers accompanied with vomiting and severe thirst. The fruit is emmenagogue; employed in amenorrhoea. Roots are tonic, expectorant and febrifuge.
An essential oil and alkaloids have been isolated from the leaves and bark of this plant. Particularly leaves contain flavones, artemetin and 7-desmethyl artemetin and some non-flavonoid components. The major monoterpenes found in the leaf oil are 1,8-cineole, terpinylacetate, sabinene and α-pinene and the major sesquiterpene is caryophyllene (Ghani, 2003). Leaves also contain friedelin, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol glycoside, a long chain hydrocarbon (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). A new alkaloid – vitricin have also been isolated from this plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar and other coastal districts.