Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: V. alata Roxb.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Boruna, Goda; Horina (Chittagong); Awal (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Krawru (Mogh); Ashmul gaas (Chakma); Salong, Kra-ro-ba, Cha-khua, Korobaong (Marma); Ashhoi, Shilangri (Garo).
Description of the Plant:
A medium-sized to large deciduous tree, 6-12 m high. Leaves 3-foliate, rarely 4, petiole up to 10 cm long; leaflets lanceolate or narrow elliptic, 5-15 cm long, entire, long acuminate, base cuneate. Flowers yellowish, in axillary many-flowered, panicled cymes, 15-20 cm long, long-peduncled. Fruit a drupe, globular, size of a black pepper, black when ripe.
Bark is used for making an external application for pains in the chest. Chakmas takes the bark extract orally at least three times a day for the cure of jaundice. Root juice is given to stop exessive menstrual bleeding. Leaves and barks are used for diabetes and malaria in Khagrachari.
Vitexin has been isolated from bark (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Sylhet, Gazipur and Tangail