Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: V. unguiculata (L.) Walp., V. catjang Walp., V. cylindrica (L.) Skeels.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Barbati. Lalsha, Ramhikolai.
Tribal Name: Jhum sumi (Tanchangya).
English Name: Cowpea, Chinese Bean.
Description of the Plant:
A slender twinner. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; leaflets 7.5-15 cm long, entire, broadly or narrowly ovate, the lateral ones obliquely so. Flowers few, yellow or reddish, in subcapitate racemes; peduncle often exceeding the leaves. Pod 10-60 cm long, linear, cylindrical, slightly depressed between the seeds.
Seeds are laxative, appetizer, galactagogue, tonic, aphrodisiac, diuretic and antibilious; prescribed in liver complaints with jaundice. Seeds are also used to strengthen the stomach and to destroy worms.
An antifungal compound – demethylhomopterocarpin have been isolated from etiolated hypocotyls inoculated with tobacco necrosis virus (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cultivated throughout the country.