Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Andropogon muricatus Retz.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Khas-khas; Bena, Gandhabena, Gandhamul, Benamul.
English Name: Vetiver, Khas-khas, Khus-khus, Cuscus Grass.
Description of the Plant:
A densely tufted perennial grass. Rootstock branching with spongy aromatic roots. Culms stout, up to 1.8 m high. Leaf-sheaths compressed, especially the lower which are sharply keeled; blades narrowly linear, acute, 30-90 cm long, erect, rigid. Panicle oblong, up to over 30 cm long, usually contracted; rachis stout smooth. Racemes up to 5 cm long, very slender. Sessile spikelets linear-lanceolate to almost linear, acute, 4.2-4.8 mm long.
Roots are tonic, refrigerant, stomachic, astringent, stimulant, diuretic, antispasmodic and emmenagogue. As a cooling it is used in fevers, inflammations and irritability of stomach. Essence of root is used to check vomiting of cholera. Grass in the form of cigarettes relieves headache.
Root contains an essential oil called Vetiver oil, is composed of azulene, nootkatane and eudesmane sesquiterpene compounds, which include nootkatene, valencene, isovalencenol, isovalencenic acid, nootkatone, α-vetivone, 7-epi-nootkatone, β-vetivene, γ-vetineve, bicyclovetivenol, valerianol, vetiselinene, isovetiselinenol, vetiselinenol and δ-selinene (Ghani, 2003). A new C14 ketone, khusimone, a new norterpenoid (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993) and a new sesquiterpene hydrocarbon – isobisabolene have also been isolated from oil. In addition essential oil also contains khusol, khusinol; a new epoxy alcohol – khusinol oxide; khusenic and isokhusenic acids (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
All over Bangladesh in low lying areas, near water bodies.