VALLISNERIA SPIRALIS L.

Family: Hydrocharitaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Baicha, Bicha, Patajhangi, Patseola.

English Name: Eel-grass, Tape-grass, Wild Celery

Description of the Plant:
A fully submerged, tufted, stemless, stoloniferous, dioecious herb. Leaves radical, narrow, linear, varying in length with depth of the water, reaching sometimes 37.5 cm, translucent. Male flowers numerous, minute, spathe shortly pedunculate, 6 mm long, break off at the base when the flowers emerge and float on the water surface. Female flowers solitary, spathe 3-toothed, carried to the water surface in flower by uncoiling of the long filiform spiral scape. Fruit linear, included in the spathe.

Using information:
The plant is considered to be refrigerant, demulcent and stomachic; used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.

Chemical constituents:
The plant is rich in lipids, particularly phospholipids, which include phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidyl-ethanolamine, phosphatidyl-glycerol and phosphatidylinositol. Stolons are rich in starch (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
All over the country, common in fresh water tanks, lakes, ponds and haors.


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Retutn from VALLISNERIA SPIRALIS to Medicinal Plants: Part U-V