Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Baicha, Bicha, Patajhangi, Patseola.
English Name: Eel-grass, Tape-grass, Wild Celery
Description of the Plant:
A fully submerged, tufted, stemless, stoloniferous, dioecious herb. Leaves radical, narrow, linear, varying in length with depth of the water, reaching sometimes 37.5 cm, translucent. Male flowers numerous, minute, spathe shortly pedunculate, 6 mm long, break off at the base when the flowers emerge and float on the water surface. Female flowers solitary, spathe 3-toothed, carried to the water surface in flower by uncoiling of the long filiform spiral scape. Fruit linear, included in the spathe.
The plant is considered to be refrigerant, demulcent and stomachic; used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.
The plant is rich in lipids, particularly phospholipids, which include phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidyl-ethanolamine, phosphatidyl-glycerol and phosphatidylinositol. Stolons are rich in starch (Ghani, 2003).
All over the country, common in fresh water tanks, lakes, ponds and haors.