TYPHA ELEPHANTINA Roxb.

Family: Typhaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Hogla, Tara.

English Name: Elephant-grass, Indian Reed-mace.

Description of the Plant:
A gigantic gregarious marsh plant, 1.8-3.6 m high with erect grass-like equitant leaves, 1.2-1.8 m long, 1.8-3.8 cm broad. Flowering stem embraced at the base by the leaf-sheaths, straight, glossy, spongy within, the top, forming the rachis of the female and male spikes. Lower female spike 15-25 cm long by 7.5-25 mm diam.; male spike 5-7.5 cm above the female, 20-30 cm long.

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Using Information:
The plant is cooling and aphrodisiac; used in strangury, splenic enlargement, burning sensation and leprosy. The root-stock is astringent and diuretic; employed in dysentery, gonorrhoea and measles. The soft and wooly floss of male spikes and down of the ripe fruits are used in emergency as medicated absorbent to wounds and ulcers.

Distribution:
Sylhet and Chittagong in swamps and canals.


TYPHA ELEPHANTINA
TYPHA ELEPHANTINA Roxb.



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