Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: T. bartramia L., T. angulata Lam.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Banokra.
English Name: Burbush, Burweed.
Description of the Plant:
An annual undershrub, 0.6-1.5 m high; branches slender, more or less pubescent. Leaves variable, lower leaves 5-7.5 cm diam., usually 3-lobed, irregularly serrate, clothed with stellate hairs on both surfaces; upper leaves usually simple, with very short petioles. Flowers 6 mm across, yellow in dense terminal and leaf-opposed cymes. Capsule subglobose, 4 mm diam., echinate with hooked bristles.
Fruits, flowers and leaves are used as demulcent and astringent. Bark and fresh leaves are used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Flowers rubbed with sugar and water is given in gonorrhoea to stop burning. Fruits are believed to promote parturition. Roots are tonic, diuretic and cooling; used in dysentery; hot infusion is taken by the women to facilitate childbirth.
A flavone glycoside, triumboidin has been isolated from this plant. It also contains small amounts of other flavones and flavonoids. Seeds contain a fixed oil and proteins (Ghani, 2003).
In most of the districts in fallow lands.