Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Potol.
English Name: Pointed Gourd.
Description of the Plant:
A rather extensive climber, more or less scabrous; tendrils 2-4 fid. Leaves 7.5 cm long, ovate-oblong, cordate, acute, sinuate-dentate, rigid, rough on both surfaces. Flowers dioceous; male not racemed, woolly out side. Fruit 5-9 cm, oblong or nearly spherical acute, smooth, orange red when ripe.
The leaves are antipyretic, anthelmintic and aphrodisiac; used in catarrh, dysentery, diarrhoea, bronchitis and to arrest bleeding from bruises, and for the restoration of hairs. Leaf juice possesses antiseptic, insecticidal and parasiticidal properties. Decoction of the leaves and coriander in equal parts is given in bilious fever as a febrifuge and laxative. Fruits are stomachic and cardiotonic; ripe fruit is tonic, aphrodisiac and expectorant. The roots are cathertic.
Roots contain an amorphous saponin, hentriacontane, a phytosterol, a non-nitrogenous bitter principle, glucosidic in nature and resembling colocynth, small amount of essential oil, little fixed oil and traces of tannins (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated, mostly in the north-western districts.