TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS L.

Family: Zygophyllaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Gokkhur, Gukkhur.

English Name: Land Caltrops, Puncture vine, Small Caltrops.

Description of the Plant:
A much-branched procumbent herb; stem and branches pilose. Leaves opposite, abruptly pinnate; leaflets 3-6 pairs, 6-12 mm long, oblong, mucronate, sericeo-villous. Flowers axillary or leaf-opposed, solitary; petals 1 cm long, oblong-obovate. Fruit globose, consisting of 5 hairy or nearly glabrous woody cocci, each with 2 pairs of hard sharp spines.

Using Information:
Plant and dried fruits are esteemed as cooling, demulcent, diuretic, tonic and aphrodisiac; used in the treatment of burning urination. The leaves are diuretic and tonic; increase the menstrual flow; cures gonorrhoea and gleet. Decoction of the leaves is useful as a gargle for mouth troubles and painful gums; paste is administered in stones of bladder. Roots are aperient, tonic, stomachic, appetizer, emmenagogue, diuretic and carminative; cures lumbago. Infusion of the fruits is a powerful hemostatic, much used in postpartum haemorrhage and in dysentery. It is also used in painful micturation, urinary disorders, impotence, cough, spermatorrhoea, scabies, anemia, ophthalmia and calculous affections, particularly in vesicular calculus.

Seed extract showed diuretic effect in rats which could be attributed to presence of potassium salts in high concentration (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Chemical Constituents:
The herb contains harman and water-soluble polysaccharides. Diosgenin, ruscogenin and a dihydroxy sapogenin have also been isolated from aerial parts. Flowers contain diosgenin, hecogenin, ruscogenin and spirosta-3, 5-diene. Fruits contain steroidal saponins and the sapogenins, diosgenin, ruscogenin, chlorogenin, gitogenin and tigogenin. Fruits also contain traces of an alkaloid, a fixed oil, an essential oil and glycosides of tigogenin, hecogenin and gitogenin, flavone glycoside and quercetin. Roots contain hecogenin, neotigogenin, campesterol, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and diosgenin. Seeds contain harmine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Kaempferol its 3-glucoside, its 3-rutinoside and tribuloside have also been isolated from fruits and leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).


TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS
TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS L.


Distribution:
Kushtia, in fallow lands.


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Retutn from TRIBULUS TERRESTRIS to Medicinal Plants: Part T