Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: T. monogyna L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Gadabani, Labuni, Shet Punarnava, Sabuni.
Description of the Plant:
A glabrous, prostrate somewhat succulent annual herb with a firm tap root; stems more or less angular. Leaves subfleshy, obliquely opposite, unequal, the upper one of the pair the larger, 2-3.8 cm long, the lower 10-13 mm long, broadly ovate, rounded or apiculate at the apex, cuneate at the base. Flowers solitary, sessile, almost concealed by the pouch of the petiole. Capsule small.
The plant is alexiteric, analgesic, stomachic and laxative; cures bronchitis, piles, ascites and heart diseases. Decoction of the plant is used as vermifuge and in rheumatism. Powdered root is abortifacient and cathartic; used in asthma, amenorrhoea and to remove obstruction of the liver. The leaves are diuretic and used in oedema, dropsy and ascites.
The plant contains water-soluble bases and potassium salts. Punarnavine and a new alkaloid, trianthemine and ecdysterone are present in the aerial parts. They also contain oxalic acid. 5,2̉-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-6,8-dimethylflavone and 5,7-dihydroxy-6,8-dimethyl-chromone (leptorumol). Roots contain saponin glycoside. Quercetin and ferulic acid have been detected in fungus-affected plants (Ghani, 2003).
Rajshahi, Chittagong, Jessore, Kushtia, on fallow lands and roadsides.