Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: T. nudiflora L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Latim, Lattu, Medda, Bhatam, Pitali, Panigambhar, Meragota; Mera, Gotagamar (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Bol-diktak, Bolno-khap (Garo); Hruprukban (Mogh); Chagalla-dibhangor (Chakma); Rin Moro (Marma); Pitagola (CHT).
English Name: False White Teak.
Description of the Plant:
A medium-sized, dioecious, deciduous tree. Leaves opposite, 15-23 cm long, ovate, cordate, acuminate, entire. Flowers dioecious; petals 0; Male flowers yellow, 7.5 mm across, in long pendulous racemes, 10-20 cm long; female flowers green, solitary or 2-3 together in common axillary peduncles about 2.5 cm long. Fruit a berry, 2.5-4.0 cm across, depressed-globose.
Plant is used for the removal of bile and phlegm. Leaves and its decoction are applied to swellings and in healing of wounds and injuries. Bark is used for the treatment of enlarged thyroid. Decoction of the root is stomachic and alterative; used in flatulence, gout and rheumatism. Decoction of shoots is said to relive flatulence and swellings.
Bark contains a pentacyclic triterpene ketone, tetraxerone, β-sitosterol and nudiflorine (Rastogi & Mehrotra 1990).
In most of the districts on river, stream and canal bank.