Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bichchuti, Lata-bichchuti, Beshani.
Tribal Name: Bangal Sot-tha (Chakma), Chiapoung (Marma).
English Name: Indian Stinging Nettle.
Description of the Plant:
A perennial evergreen twiner, more or less hispid. Leaves 2.5-10 cm long, variable, oblong-lanceolate to broadly ovate, acuminate, serrate, hairy, base rounded or cordate. Flowers small, without petals, shortly pedicellate, in terminal, axillary and leaf-opposed usually hairy racemes, 2.5-5 cm long; males in the upper part, the females few, in the lower part. Capsule 8 mm diam., 3-lobed, white, more or less hispid.
Roots are diaphoretic, alterative, diuretic and blood purifier. They are valued in febricula and in itching of the skin, also for pains in legs and arms. Roots are also used in old venereal complaints and externally in enlarged spleen; decoction of the root is useful in relieving bronchitis and the attendant fever. The fruits are rubbed on head with a little water to cure baldness. Leaf juice is given for jaundice in Rangamati by the Chakma.
Seeds yield a fixed oil containing about 62% linoleic acid and enzymes. They are also rich in proteins (Ghani, 2003).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox’s Bazar.