Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Gulancha; Padmaguruz (Rema-Kalenga).
Tribal Name: Jhioludi (Chakma).
Description of the Plant:
A lofty, woody, climber; entirely glabrous. Stem tuberculate or warted. Leaves ovate to oblong-ovate, aacuminate, base truncate or very slightly cordate, 7.5-5 cm long. Flowers small, green in slender, lax racemes. Fruits oblong, 7.5 mm long, yellow or red.
Stem is tonic and febrifuge; given in fever, intermittent fever, malarial fever, chronic rheumatism and in general debility. The stem is given as blood purifier and in stomach disorder in Khagrachari.
Plant contains 0.6-0.8% of a bitter principle picroretin. Stems contain a glucoside (Chopra et. al., 1992). Two unidentified alkaloids, one hydroxyl compound, mp. 95°, γ-sitosterol and another sterol and essential oil, have been isolated from leaves. Sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, aluminium, copper and zinc have also been detected in leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Sylhet, Panchagarh, Sherpur and other part of the country.