TINOSPORA CRISPA Miers.

Family: Menispermaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Gulancha; Padmaguruz (Rema-Kalenga).

Tribal Name: Jhioludi (Chakma).

Description of the Plant:
A lofty, woody, climber; entirely glabrous. Stem tuberculate or warted. Leaves ovate to oblong-ovate, aacuminate, base truncate or very slightly cordate, 7.5-5 cm long. Flowers small, green in slender, lax racemes. Fruits oblong, 7.5 mm long, yellow or red.

Using Information:
Stem is tonic and febrifuge; given in fever, intermittent fever, malarial fever, chronic rheumatism and in general debility. The stem is given as blood purifier and in stomach disorder in Khagrachari.

Chemical Constituents:
Plant contains 0.6-0.8% of a bitter principle picroretin. Stems contain a glucoside (Chopra et. al., 1992). Two unidentified alkaloids, one hydroxyl compound, mp. 95°, γ-sitosterol and another sterol and essential oil, have been isolated from leaves. Sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, aluminium, copper and zinc have also been detected in leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Distribution:
Sylhet, Panchagarh, Sherpur and other part of the country.


TINOSPORA CRISPA
TINOSPORA CRISPA Miers.



Submit Your Contribution

Retutn from TINOSPORA CRISPA to Medicinal Plants: Part T