TERMINALIA CATAPPA L.

Family: Combretaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bangla Badam, Kath Badam, Deshi Badam.

English Name: Country Almond, Indian Almond.

Description of the Plant:
A tall deciduous tree with whorled horizontally spreading branches. Leaves obovate, rounded or retuse at apex and cuneate at the base, 15-25 cm long, clustered at the end of the branchlets, red before falling. Flowers small, white, in solitary, axillary, simple spike, upper flowers male, lower ones bisexual. Fruit a drupe, 2.5-5.0 cm long, ellipsoid, slightly compressed.

Using Information:
Fruits are aphrodisiac and astringent to the bowels; useful in bronchitis. Kernel oil is vesicating. Bark is astringent, mildly diuretic and fairly potent cardiotonic. Juice of young leaves is used to prepare an ointment for leprosy, scabies and other skin diseases; juice taken interanally is useful in colic and headache. Alcoholic extract of the leaf possesses strong antibacterial and poor antifungal properties (Taniya, 2004).

Chemical Constituents:
Gallic acid, allagic acid, corilagin and unidentified flavonoids have been isolated from leaves, fruits and bark. Oil from fruits resembled almond oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Distribution:
Planted all over country as avenue and shade tree.


TERMINALIA CATAPPA
TERMINALIA CATAPPA L.



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Retutn from TERMINALIA CATAPPA to Medicinal Plants: Part T