TAMARINDUS INDICA L.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Tetul, Ambli.

Tribal Name: Khen-thiri (Garo); Hao Mong, Gayoi Si (Marma); Teroi Gaith (Tanchangya).

English Name: Tamarind Tree.

Description of the Plant:
A large handsome, evergreen tree, 12-18 m high with round bushy crown and comparatively smaller bole. Leaves peripinnate, 5-12.5 cm long; leaflets small, 10-20 pairs, linear oblong, slightly nothched at the apex. Flowers in terminal, lax, few-flowered racemes; petals 1 cm long, subequal, yellowish with pink stripes. Fruit a pod, 7.5-20 cm long, indehiscent, slightly curved subcompressed, with very acidic pulp.

Using Information:
Pulp of the ripe fruit is refrigerant, carminative, digestive, astringent, laxative and tonic to the heart; it is a household remedy for fever, dyspepsia, gastritis, dysentery and diarrhoea; also useful in diseases supposed to cause by deranged bile, such as burning of the body and costiveness. Washing of hairs with pulp-soaked water removes dandruff. Drink of pulp lowers blood cholesterol. Gargle with tamarind water is useful in sore throat. Seeds are astringent; used for diarrhoea. The poultice of the pounded leaves is applied to reduce inflammatory swellings, sprains, tumours and ringworms. The leaves crushed with water and expressed to yield an acrid fluid, which is said to be useful in bilious fever and scalding of the urine. Tender leaves and flowers are cooling and antibilious. A poultice of the flower is used in inflammatory affections of the conjunctiva; their juice is given internally for bleeding piles. Stem bark is astringent and tonic; used in asthma, amenorrhoea, fever, diarrhoea and topically for loss of sensation in paralysis.


TAMARINDUS INDICA
TAMARINDUS INDICA L.


Chemical Constituents:
Fruit pulp contains large quantities (16-18%) of tartaric, citric, malic and acetic acids, potassium tartrate, invert sugar, gum and pectin. It also contains traces of oxalic acid. Seed testa contains a fixed oil. Seeds cotyledons contain albuminoids, fat and carbohydrates. Leaves contain glycosides. Bark contains tannins and resin (Ghani, 2003). Hordenine isolated from leaves, barks and flowers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Distribution:
Planted throughout Bangladesh.


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Retutn from TAMARINDUS INDICA to Medicinal Plants: Part T