Family: Asteraceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Genda, Gendaphul, Gandaphul.

English Name: Aztec, African Marigold.

Description of the Plant:
An annual ornamental erect herb, about 60 cm high, strongly aromatic. Leaves pinnately divided, segments lanceolate-serrate, strongly aromatic. Flowers in terminal heads, colour ranges from a light sulphur-yellow to a deep orange.

Using Information:
Infusion of the plant is used against rheumatism, cold and bronchitis. Leaves are good for kidney troubles, muscular pains, piles, and are applied to boils and carbuncles. Juice of the leaves is used for earache and ophthalmia. Pounded leaves are applied over fresh cuts to stop bleeding. The flowers are employed in diseases of the eyes and for unhealthy ulcers; their juice is given as a remedy for bleeding piles. Root extract is used as laxative.

Chemical Constituents:
Flowers contain essential oil, colouring matter, pigments, quercetagetin and phenolics, syringic acid, methyl-3, 5-dihydroxy-4-methoxy benzoate and quercetin. Whole plant yields 0.01% essential oil, that contains d-limonene, ocimene, l-linalyl acetate, l-linalool, tagetone and nonanal. Mono and diesterified luteins have also been isolated from petals. Dried petals also contain quercetagitrin and a glucoside of quercetagetin. The plant also contains ethylgallate and three contact allergens, butenylbithiophene, α-terthienyl and hydroxytremetone (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Planted in the gardens.


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