Family: Moraceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Shaora, Asshaora, Harbon, Hekra; Harba (Chittagong).

Tribal Name: Sarbo (Chakma); Umgnai (Mogh); Wahnebang, Owah Nai Mraai (Marma); Saola bipang (Garo).

English Name: Siamese Roughbush.

Description of the Plant:
A bushy, small, evergreen tree with milky juice. Leaves alternate, elliptic or obovate, 5-10 cm long, irregularly crenate, acute or shortly acuminate, very rough on both surfaces, petiole very short. Flowers dioecious, axillary; male flowers in globose heads, 7.5 mm diam., female flowers solitary, inconspicuous, long peduncled. Fruit 1-seeded berry, 5 mm diam., yellow when ripe.

Using Information:
Leaves are used in urinary inflammation and as a galactagogue. The crushed leaves administered as diuretic and in the treatment of leucorrhoea in Jointiapur of Sylhet. Leaf juice is used by the Garo of Madhupur against dysuria and dysentery. Seeds are beneficial in epistaxis, piles and diarrhoea; externally in leucoderma. The latex of the plant possesses astringent and antiseptic properties; applied to sore heels and chapped hands, and reported to act as a sedative in the treatment of neuralgia. A preparation with the bark is used in fever, dysentery and diarrhoea. Roots are used in epilepsy, inflammatory swellings and boils.

Chemical Constituents:
Bark contains cardioactive glycosides, strebloside and asperoside. It also contains a pregnane glycoside, sioraside (Ghani, 2003). Root bark contains kamaloside, asperoside, indroside, luknoside, along with amorphous glycosides G, G´ and H. Cannodimethoside, strophalloside, glucogitodimethoside, strophanolloside, glucokamaloside, sarmethoside and glucostrebloside have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).


All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.

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Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S