STERCULIA FOETIDA L.

Family: Sterculiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jangli Badam.

English Name: Poom Tree, Wild Almond.

Description of the Plant:
A fast growing medium to tall deciduous tree with horizontal, whorled branches. Leaves crowded at the end of thick branchlets, digitately compound, about 20 cm long; leaflets 7-9, elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate. Flowers small, 1.5-2.5 cm diam purple, with offensive smell, in simple or compound racemes. Fruit 10-12.5 cm long, ovate, beaked, woody, scarlet when ripe, seeds black, oblong, smooth, arranged in two rows.

Using Information:
Bark and leaves are aperient, diaphoretic and diuretic. Decoction of the capsules is mucilaginous and astringent; used internally in itch and skin diseases, and its paste is applied externally. The seed oil is mild laxative and carminative. The seeds when swallowed bring on nausea and vertigo.

Chemical Constituents:
Seed kernel contains starch, non-drying fatty oil consisting of triacylglycerols, oleic acid and a small quantity of lauric acid. Roots contain flavonoids, leucoanthocyanidin rhamnoside and quercetin rhamnoside. Seeds contain phosphatidyl cholines and phosphatidylethanolamines; seed lipid is composed of triacylglycerols containing cyclopropane fatty acids (Ghani, 2003). Isoscutellarin, procyanidin-β-D-glucuronide, 6-O-β-D-glucuronyl luteolin and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).


STERCULIA FOETIDA
STERCULIA FOETIDA L.


Distribution:
Occasionally cultivated in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar.


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Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S