Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: S. hernandifolia Walp., Menispermum japonicum Thunb.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Akanadi, Nimuka, Maknadi.
Tribal Name: Tung Nah Way, Thaya Nuya (Marma).
English Name: Tape-vine.
Description of the Plant:
A slender wiry climber. Leaves peltate, thinly papyraceous, glabrous on both the surfaces, broadly triangular, ovate-acuminate, 3-12 cm long, apex acutely acuminate or obtuse, base rounded, margins entire. Inflorescence axillary, compound, umbelliform cymes, usually single per axil, 3-6 cm long. Flowers small, male flower greenish-white or yellowish. Drupes light yellow to orange red, obovate, glabrous.
Leaves and roots are bitter and astringent; used in fever, diarrhoea, urinary diseases and dyspepsia. Leaves are mounted on abscess and kept for bursting. Leaves are mecerated in a glass of water and are taken after mixing with molasses to cure urethritis. Leaves are also given for gastritis in Khagrachari. Root paste is taken for vertigo and dysentery; root tuber mixed with root juice of Flemingia stricta is taken for asthma; root paste is warmed and rubbed in hydrocele.
Ethanolic extract of the leaf possesses wide range of good antibacterial and antifungal properties (Dutta, 2006).
Roots, tubers and leaves contain alkaloids, steroids and fats. Stems contain bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloids, stephasubine and 3´,4΄-dihydro-stephasubine, saponins, steroids and fats. Roots contain the alkaloids, fangchinoline, dl-tetrandrine, d-tetrandrine and d-isochondrodendrine (Ghani, 2003). Aknadinine, epistephanine, hernandifoline and magnoflorine have been isolated from aerial parts. Roots and tubers contain alkaloids - aknadinine, aknadine and aknadicine. A new alkaloid-3-O-dimethylhernandifoline also isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 1993).
Throughout the country.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S