Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: S. rotunda Hook F. & Thoms.
Tribal Name: Khabukka (Chakma), Thun Newe, Thaya Nuya (Marma).
Description of the Plant:
A glabrous twiner with large tuberous rootstock. Branches fistular, sulcate-striate, glabrous. Leaves thin, glabrous on both sides, broadly ovate or suborbicular, at the base round, 6-12 cm broad, petiole 3-15 cm long. Male inflorescence axillary, peduncled, 4-8 cm long, umbelliform cymes or from leafless branchlets. Female inflorescences much more condensed than the male; petals orange. Drupes obovate, 6 mm long.
Extract of the root is taken by the Tanchangyas for the relief of stomach pain in Rangamati.
Tuber contain stepharine, stepharotine, stepholidine, tetrahydropalmatine, its tautomer, alkaloids A,B,C and D, hyndarine, cycleanine and tuduranine. Tubers also contain dehydrocorydalmine chloride, corydalmine, pronuciferine and a new protoberberine alkaloid – stepharanine (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Forest areas of Sylhet, Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S