Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Palong shak, Palong.
English Name: Spinach, Garden Spinach.
Description of the Plant:
A succulent herb; stem erect, up to 60 cm high. Leaves alternate, the lower ones very long petioled, attenuate, variously lobed or entire, fleshy. Flowers dioecious; males sessile, very numerous in terminal leafless spikes; females in axillary clusters. Capsules 1-celled, 1-valved, armed with two opposite short horns and crowned with the small remaining calyx.
Herb is mildly laxative and used as an emollient, demulcent, diuretic and astringent; useful in fevers, scalding urine, joint pain, inflammations of the lungs and bowels. Fresh plant is given for urinary calculi. Leaf juice is used as a gargle in sore throat. Seeds are laxative and cooling; used in difficult breathing, inflammation of the liver and in jaundice.
Leaves are rich in mucilage, fat, sugar, oxalic acid, iodine, lecithin, chlorophyll and carotene. Leaves also contain stigmasterol, stigmastanol, α-spinasterol, patuletin, spinacetin, saponins, fatty acids and hexadecenic acid. Spinacosides C and D have been isolated from the fresh aerial parts. Germinating seeds contain a number of enzymes. Spinasaponins A and B have been isolated from roots. Plant also contains spilanthol (Ghani, 2003; Chopra et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Cultivated all over Bangladesh.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S