Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: S. paniculata Wall., S. acmella Murr.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Marhatitiga.
Tribal Name: Osonshak (Chakma); Hamfoi (Marma); Kun Dung (Murong); Jaba Achin sak (Tanchangya).
Description of the Plant:
An erect annual herb; stem and branches more or less hairy. Leaves opposite, 2.5-5 cm long, ovate, acute or subobtuse, irregularly crenate-serrate, base acute. Heads yellow, 0.6-1.3 cm long, ovoid, solitary or subpanicled; peduncles sometimes reaching 10 cm long.
Flowers head is stimulant and sialagogue; given in toothache, affections of throat and gums and paralysis of the tongue. It is a powerful mosquito larvicide. The decoction of the plant is diuretic and lithontriptic; useful in dysentery and is employed as a bath for rheumatism and as a lotion in scabies and psoriasis. Crushed plant is used as fish poison. It is prescribed for few days to cure glossitis. Juice of the plant and flower head is rubbed in scabies to cure. Roots are used as a purgative.
Aerial parts contain palmitic and stearic acids, tetra-triacontanoic acid, sitosterol, stigmasterol and sitosterol glucoside. Flower heads contain a local anaesthetic amide, spilanthol and three other amides, a sterol, a non-reducing polysaccharide (Ghani, 2003). Acetic, lauric, myristic, linoleic and linolenic acid esters of α- and β-amyrin and myricyl alcohol have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Throughout the country in moist lands.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S