SPHAERANTHUS INDICUS L.

Family: Asteraceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Chhagal Nudie, Mundi, Gorakh Mundi, Murmuria.

English Name: East Indian Globle-thistle.

Description of the Plant:
A much-branched herb, about 30 cm high; stem and branches cylindric, with toothed wings, more or less glandular hairy. Leaves sessile, decurrent, 1-5 cm long, obovate-oblong, rounded or subacute, glandular-hairy, spinous-serrate or dentate, narrowed at the base. Heads 1-1.6 cm diam., compound, globose-ovoid; flowers purple.

Using Information:
The herb is laxative, digestive, tonic and anthelmintic; used in insanity, tubercular glands, indigestion, bronchitis, piles, strangury and hemicrania; also good for sore eyes, jaundice, scalding of urine and gleet. The juice of the plant is styptic and said to be useful in liver disorders. Decoction of the root is used in chest pains, cough, bowel complaints and as a diuretic in urethral discharges. Flowers are credited with alterative, depurative and tonic properties. The juice of the fresh leaves is boiled with a little milk and sugar candy and drunk against cough. Oil extracted from the plant possesses antibacterial properties. Powdered seeds and roots are given as an anthelmintic.

Chemical Constituents:
Stems, leaves and flowers have been found to contain fatty acids, phytosterols, a glycoside composed of the alkaloid sphaeranthine and a polysaccharide, β-sitosterol, n-pentacosane, n-triacontanol, stigmasterol, hentri-acontane and β-D-glucoside of β-sitosterol. Flowers also contain a number of eudesmanolides and sesquiterpene lactones, viz., hydroxy-, dihydroxy- and methoxy frullanolides (Ghani, 2003). Stems, leaves and flowers contain essential oil composed of methyl chavicol, α-ionone, d-cadinene, p-methoxycinnamaldehyde as major constituents and α-terpinene, citral, geraniol, geranyl acetate, β-ionone, sphaerene, indicusene and sphaeranthol α-cadenine, ocimene as minor constituents. β-Sitosterol, n-triacontanol, phenylurethan, n-pentacosane have also been isolated from oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).


SPHAERANTHUS INDICUS
SPHAERANTHUS INDICUS L.


Distribution:
Dhaka, Rajshahi, Chittagong, Noakhali, common in the peddy fields.


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Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S