Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: S. filicifolium sensu Abeywick
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Tit Begun, Gotha Begun, Hat Begun.
Tribal Name: Bigal biji (Chakma); Kajo-ba, Khaja (Marma), Titar Berul (Tanchangya); Kurka Plawo (Murong).
Description of the Plant:
A tomentose, sparingly armed shrub, 2.5-4 m high. Leaves ovate sinuate or lobed, up to 15.3 cm long and 10.2 cm broad, stellately tomentose beneath and softly hairy above, without prickles. Flowers white, in short, extra-axillary, lateral cymes, often bifurcated and dense, many-flowered. Fruit a berry, 0.6-1.3 cm, globose, smooth, yellow when ripe.
The plant is sedative, diuretic and digestive; used in the treatment of cough. Leaves are used as haemostatic. The fruits are eaten as a vegetable; good in enlarged spleen. The Marma take boiled fruits with rice at night for 2-3 days to expell thread-worms. Roots are useful in poulticing cracks in the foot heels.
Ethanolic extract of the leaf possesses wide range of antibacterial and antifungal properties (Anwar et al., 2007 & Begum et al., 2007).
Fruits contain sterolin (sitosterol-d-glucoside) and 0.1% gluco-alkaloid solasonine (Chopra et. al., 1992). Steriodal sapogenins - sisalagenone and torvogenin have also been isolated from fruits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Leaves contain steroidal gluco-alkaloid, solasonine; steroidal sapogenins, neochlorogenin, neosolaspigenin and solaspigenin. They also contain triacontanol, tetratriacontainic acid, 3-tritriacontanone, sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol (Ghani, 2003).
Outskirt of the forests and roadsides, throughout the country.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S