SOLANUM MELONGENA L.

Family:Solanaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Begun, Baigoon; Baion (Chittagong).

Tribal Name: Jhum-baigun (Tanchangya); Kajah seh (Marma).

English Name: Egg plant, Brinjal.

Description of the Plant:
A stout herb, armed or unarmed; young parts closely tomentose. Leaves large, elliptic, 10-18 cm long, subentire, sinuate or shallowly lobed. Flowers solitary or several in a cyme with lowest only fertile, about 2.5 cm diam. Fruit a berry, green, white, yellow or dark purple, varies greatly in size and shape, 3-30 cm long, oval, ovate, oblong or linear.

Using Information:
The unripe fruit is laxative, analgesic, maturant, cardiotonic and aphrodisiac; improves appetite and lessens inflammation. The seeds are used as a stimulant. Flower juice is used for fever in Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain 4-ethylactechol, trans-caffeic, hydrocafeic, protocatechuic and chlorogenic acids. γ-Hydroxyglutamic acid, lanost-8-en-3β-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylene lanost-8-en-3β-ol, cycloartanol, cycloartenol, 24-methulenecycloartanol, lupeol, β-amyrin, daturaolone and daturadiol have been isolated from seeds. It also contains 4α-methylsterols, vanillin, isoscopeletin, ethyl caffeate, trans-ferulic acid and p-aminobenzaldehyde, along with four phenolic amides-N-trans-feruloyltyramine, N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine & N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Fruits contain solasodin (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).


SOLANUM MELONGENA
SOLANUM MELONGENA L.


Distribution:
Cultivated widely throughout Bangladesh.


Share Your Thoughts

Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S