Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Begun, Baigoon; Baion (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Jhum-baigun (Tanchangya); Kajah seh (Marma).
English Name: Egg plant, Brinjal.
Description of the Plant:
A stout herb, armed or unarmed; young parts closely tomentose. Leaves large, elliptic, 10-18 cm long, subentire, sinuate or shallowly lobed. Flowers solitary or several in a cyme with lowest only fertile, about 2.5 cm diam. Fruit a berry, green, white, yellow or dark purple, varies greatly in size and shape, 3-30 cm long, oval, ovate, oblong or linear.
The unripe fruit is laxative, analgesic, maturant, cardiotonic and aphrodisiac; improves appetite and lessens inflammation. The seeds are used as a stimulant. Flower juice is used for fever in Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Leaves contain 4-ethylactechol, trans-caffeic, hydrocafeic, protocatechuic and chlorogenic acids. γ-Hydroxyglutamic acid, lanost-8-en-3β-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylene lanost-8-en-3β-ol, cycloartanol, cycloartenol, 24-methulenecycloartanol, lupeol, β-amyrin, daturaolone and daturadiol have been isolated from seeds. It also contains 4α-methylsterols, vanillin, isoscopeletin, ethyl caffeate, trans-ferulic acid and p-aminobenzaldehyde, along with four phenolic amides-N-trans-feruloyltyramine, N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine & N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Fruits contain solasodin (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Cultivated widely throughout Bangladesh.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S