Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: S. verbascifolium L.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Urusa, Arasa.
English Name: Potato Tree.
Description of the Plant:
A shrub or small tree 1.8-6 m high, covered almost all over with dense yellowish or grey tomentum of scurfy stellate hairs. Leaves 10-20 cm long, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate entire, velvety-pubescent above, densely woolly beneath. Flowers numerous, in woolly dicholomous corymbose cymes. Corolla white, about 1.3 cm long. Berry 8 mm diam., globose, yellow, covered with small stellate hairs.
The dried plant ground with warm water applied externally to lessen inflammation, burning sensation and pain. Decoction of the aerial parts is used in coughs, burns and as a wash for skin sores.
Aerial parts contain alkaloids and steroidal alkaloid glycosides, solanine and solaverines I, II, & III, saponins and sapogenols, solaverols A and B (Ghani, 2003). Solasodine, solasodiene, diosgenin and solafloridine have been isolated from leaves and stems. In addition leaves also contains matidenol, vespertilin and 5,16-dehydroprengenolone (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Chuadanga, Comilla, Dhaka, Dinajpur, Faridpur, Jessore, Jhenaidaha, Jhalakati, Khulna, Kustia, Narayanganj, Panchagarh, Rajshahi, Serpur, in village thickets and fallow lands.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part S