Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Rhizophora mangle Roxb.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kamo, Hao, Bhora, Bhara, Jhanna, Bara Goran; Garjan (Sundarban); Hawa (Chakaria Sundarbans).
English Name: Mangrove.
Description of the plant:
A medium-sized, evergreen tree with long much branched stilt roots. Leaves oval to elliptic, oblong, 9-16 cm long, coriaceous. Flowers in 2-7 flowered axillary peduncled cymes; calyx 1.3-1.6 cm long; petals white, shorter than the calyx-lobe, densely villous on the margins. Fruit 4-6 cm long, ovoid with a short narrow apex; the extracted radical may attain more than 60 cm long before falling.
Barks are powerful astringent; useful in haemorrhage, haematuria, and angina and as a cure for diabetes. It relieves severe backache (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Bark contains tannins. Leaves contain cholesterol. Roots contain inorganic cations and anions and some organic acids, e.g. oxalic (major), fumaric, tartaric and citric acids. 25-S-spirost-5-ene-23- β, 14- α -diol has been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003).
Sundarbans and Chakaria sundarbans.
Retutn to Medicinal Plants: Part Q-R