Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Shemia batraj.
Description of the Plant:
A large perennial climber, with a large tuberous roots; stem woody, up to 12 cm in diam. Leaves trifoliate; leaflets 12-20 cm long, the terminal broadly ovate, acuminate, cuneate at base, the lateral ovate-oblong, inequilateral, truncate at the base, densely clothed with whitish, adpressed hairs beneath. Flowers blue or purplish blue, in racemes, 15-30 cm long. Pods flat, 5-7 cm long, densely clothed with long, silky, bristly brown hairs.
Flowers are cooling and aphrodisiac. Tubers are cooling, aphrodisiac, tonic, galactagogue, diuretic and alterative; clears the voice; cures leprosy, burning sensation and urinary discharges. Roots are emetic and lactagogue; given as a demulcent and refrigerant in fevers (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Roots contain β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, daidzein, puerarin and a new isoflavone C-glycoside – 4´,6´´-diacetylpuerarin. A new pterocarpan - tuberosin has also been isolated from roots and tubers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.