Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Sterculia alata Roxb.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Buddha Narikel, Kashmiri Badam, Pagla Gach; Narikeli (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Kufala (Chakma).
English Name: Buddha-coconut.
Description of the Plant:
A very tall deciduous tree with narrow conical crown and horizontal branches; young parts golden-pubescent. Leaves simple, 10-25 cm long, usually crowded at the end of branchlets, broadly ovate, cordate, acute or shortly acuminate. Flowers brownish yellow, about 2.5 cm across, in subpanicled rusty-tomentose, few-flowered racemes from the old axils below the leaves. Fruit comprising of follicles, large woody, about 12 cm in diam.
Seeds have narcotic properties and used as a substitute for opium (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Sterculynic acid has been isolated from the seed oil, and identified as 8,9-methyleneoctadec-8-en-17-ynoic acid (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet.