Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kanokchapa, Katchampa, Muchganda; Moos, Moochkunda (Chittagong); Mushkand, Madhurabura (Sylhet).
Tribal Name: Chasyabaong (Marma).
Description of the Plant:
A tall evergreen tree. Leaves variable in size and shape, 20-35 cm long, orbicular or oblong, with a cordate base, entire or variously lobed, or remotely toothed, sometimes peltate, silvery or grey tomentose beneath. Flowers fragrant, white, axillary, solitary or in pairs; petals linear-oblong, somewhat obliquely cuneate, slightly shorter than the sepals. Capsule 10-15 cm long, oblong, 5-angled, woody, brown tomentose.
Flowers are tonic, laxative, anthelmintic; used in leucorrhoea, gastralgia, blood troubles, ulcers, tumours, leprosy, and inflammations. It is also used as an insecticide. Bark is used for impotence in Khagrachari (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Bark contains an acid polysaccharide composed of D-galacturonic acid, D-galactose and L-rhamnose. Flowers are rich in carbohydrates; also contain bitter principles, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside as the major pigment and glycosides of luteolin, kaempferol and quercetin as minor components. Capsule shell contains scopoletin, kaempferol and quercetin (Ghani, 2003). Seeds contian tyrosine, cystine, glycine, glucose, lactose, xylose and rhamnose (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet.