PTEROSPERMUM ACERIFOLIUM Willd.

Family: Sterculiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kanokchapa, Katchampa, Muchganda; Moos, Moochkunda (Chittagong); Mushkand, Madhurabura (Sylhet).

Tribal Name: Chasyabaong (Marma).

Description of the Plant:
A tall evergreen tree. Leaves variable in size and shape, 20-35 cm long, orbicular or oblong, with a cordate base, entire or variously lobed, or remotely toothed, sometimes peltate, silvery or grey tomentose beneath. Flowers fragrant, white, axillary, solitary or in pairs; petals linear-oblong, somewhat obliquely cuneate, slightly shorter than the sepals. Capsule 10-15 cm long, oblong, 5-angled, woody, brown tomentose.

Using information:
Flowers are tonic, laxative, anthelmintic; used in leucorrhoea, gastralgia, blood troubles, ulcers, tumours, leprosy, and inflammations. It is also used as an insecticide. Bark is used for impotence in Khagrachari (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Bark contains an acid polysaccharide composed of D-galacturonic acid, D-galactose and L-rhamnose. Flowers are rich in carbohydrates; also contain bitter principles, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside as the major pigment and glycosides of luteolin, kaempferol and quercetin as minor components. Capsule shell contains scopoletin, kaempferol and quercetin (Ghani, 2003). Seeds contian tyrosine, cystine, glycine, glucose, lactose, xylose and rhamnose (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet.


PTEROSPERMUM ACERIFOLIUM
PTEROSPERMUM ACERIFOLIUM Willd.



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Retutn from PTEROSPERMUM ACERIFOLIUM to Medicinal Plants: Part P