PORTULACA OLERACEA L.

Family: Portulacaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Nune, Lanya, Bara Loniya.

Tribal Name: Tonkami (Chakma). 

English Name: Common Purslane, Garden Purslane.

Description of the Plant:
An annual, prostrate, succulent herb; stem 15-30 cm long, reddish, quite glabrous. Leaves fleshy, subsessile, 6-25 mm long, alternate or subopposite, cuneiform, rounded and truncate at the apex. Flowers yellow, few together, in sessile terminal heads. Capsule ovoid, circumsciss.

Using information:
The herb is refrigerant, alterative, vulnerary, antiscorbutic, aperient and diuretic; useful in scurvy, diseases of the liver, spleen, kidney and bladder. It is also prescribed in the treatment of cardio-vascular diseases, dysuria, hematuria, gonorrhoea, dysentery, sore nipples and ulcers of the mouth. The plant is used for the treatment of mouth sores in Khagrachari. In homeopath it is used as a blood purifier and to increase flow of gastric juice. Leaves are used in piles, on balds, scalds, swellings, and erysipelas and as antihemorrhagic poultices. The leaf juice with sugar is taken to arrest vomiting, and as a vermifuge in Jointiapur of Sylhet. The juice of the stem is applied to prickly heat, as well as to the hands and feet when a burning sensation is felt. Seeds are vermifuge, diuretic and antidysenteric; used for burns and scalds, in skin diseases and rheumatism (Yusuf et al. 2009).

PORTULACA OLERACEA
PORTULACA OLERACEA L.


Chemical constituents:
Aerial parts are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants, α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, β-carotene, glutathione, phenolic compounds, vanillic acid, oxalate of potash and phosphoenol pyruvate carboxylase enzyme. Oxalic acid, sodium, potassium, vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, carotene are also present in the aerial parts. A new monoterpene glucoside, portuloside A, has been isolated from the plant. Chinese research lists noradrenaline and dopamine as constituents of this plant (Ghani, 2003). Oleracins I and II and acylated β-cyanins have also been isolated from this plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.


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Retutn from PORTULACA OLERACEA to Medicinal Plants: Part P