Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Pogostemon parviflorus Benth.
Tribal name: Nung bui (Marma).
Description of the Plant:
Suffruticose shrub, 1.2-1.8 m high; stem and branches obtusely quadrangular, usually purple. Leaves 7.5-18 cm long, broadly ovate, acute or acuminate, coarsely and irregularly doubly-toothed, base cuneate. Flowers in dense pubescent spikes, forming pyramidal lax panicles. Corolla white; stamens exerted; filaments purple except just below the anthers, bearded with purple hairs.
The properties are more or less same as those of P. benghalense (no. 574). The plant is given alone or along with Ocimum gratissimum as a tonic for strength, after delivery. Fresh leaves are used in colic, fever and snake-bite and to clean wound. Roots are used as a remedy for haemorrhoids (Yusuf et al. 2009).
The plant contains an essential oil comprising mainly of the sesquiterpenes patchoulol (35%) and bulnesene. It also contains an alkaloid, pogostemonine, a secocaryophyllanolide sesquiterpenoids lactone, epoxyparvinolide, trimethyl amine, resin, friedelin, friedelanol, phytol and sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).
Sylhet, Chittagong, also cultivated in the jhum of Chittagong Hill Tracts.