Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Pogostemon plectranthoides Desf.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Patchouli, Juilata, Jin, Bakhoea.
Description of the Plant:
A large bushy shrub; young branches often dark purple. Leaves 5-12.5 cm long, ovate, acute, doubly serrate, pubescent or nearly glabrous, base rounded or cuneate. Flowers in dense hoary-pubescent or villous, terminal and axillary, stout spikes, forming a paniculate inflorescence; corolla 8 mm long, pink or white.
Fresh bruished leaves are used as a cataplasm for cleaning wounds and to heal; juice is used in colic and fever. The root is given in uterine haemorrhage (Yusuf et al. 2009).
α-Terpinene, 1-caryophyllene, 1-cadinene, S-guaiazulene, β-pinene, β-caryophyllene, safrole, 1,8-cineole, myrtenal, thujone, terpinolene and eudesmol have been isolated from the essential oil of leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.