Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Inga dulcis (Roxb.) Willd.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Dekhani Babul, Dharsundar, Bilati Tetul, Khoi Babla; Khoi (Satkhira); Jilapi (Rajshahi).
English Name: Quamochil, Madras-thorn, Manila Tamarind.
Description of the Plant:
A small to medium-sized evergreen tree, armed with straight stipular thorns. Leaves bipinnate, each pinna with a pair of leaflets; leaflets oblique, obovate-oblong, obtuse, 2.5-5 cm long, subsessile. Flowers small, whitish, in small globular heads, 1 cm diam., solitary or fascicled in axils of bracts. Pod much twisted, 10-20 cm long, fleshy, turgid, reddish when mature.
The bark is used as a febrifuge and decoction of it is given as an enema (Yusuf et al. 2009). Saponins showed significant activity against carrageenin-induced oedema and formaldehyde-induced arthritis (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Ethanolic extract of the leaf possesses strong antifungal and moderate antibacterial properties (Dutta, 2006).
A saponin, mp. 175°, a sapogenin – pithogenin, a sterol glucoside B, and a flavone have been isolated from seeds. Hexacosanol, sterol glucoside A, praline, leucine, valine, asparagines and glucose have been isolated from the mesocarp of the fruit. Α-spinasterol glucoside has been isolated from the bark. Afzelin and quercitrin have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Khulna, Satkhira and planted elsewhere in the country.