Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Piper chaba Hunter.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Choi, Chab.
Tribal Name: Soononbom, Kasopai (Marma), Su Sang Sak (Tanchamgya), Ranga chuma (Chakma), Se-ankanlingpo (Khumi).
English Name: Quail Grass, Cock’s Comb.
Description of the Plant:
A stout climber, with flexuous branches. Leaves very short petioled, rather coriaceous, 12.5-18 cm long, oblong, ovate or lanceolate, acuminate, shining above, base round unequal, cordate. Fruiting spikes 2.5-5 cm long, stoutly peduncled, suberect, conico-cylindric, forming a fleshy cone of innumerable fruits.
The plant is used to cure rheumatic pain and body pain after childbirth. Fruits are stimulant, carminative, anthelmintic and expectorant; used in cough, cold, asthma, bronchitis, fever, piles and in hemorrhoidal affections; they improve appetite and taste. The root is alexiteric; useful in asthma, bronchitis and consumption (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Stem bark of the plant has been reported to contain lignan and alkaloids, such as piper amine; 2, 4-decadienoic acid piperidine; kusunokinin and pellitorine. Roots have been reported to contain some alkamides such as piperine, sylvatine, piplartine and piperlonguminine and also β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003). Stem contains piperine, β-sitosterol and piplartine. Several free amino acids and monosaccharides also identified. Three amides - N-isobutyltrideca-13(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl) 2,4,12-trienamide (I), filfiline (N-isobutyldocosa-trans-2, trans-4, cis-10-trienamide) and N-isobytyleicosa-trans-2, trans-4, cis-8-trienamide (II) have been isolated from fruits (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Jessore, Khulna (cultivated).