Family: Piperaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Pan, Tambuli.

English Name: Betel, Betel-leaf, Betel vine.

Description of the Plant:
A stout climber. Leaves large, 15-20 cm long, broadly ovate, ovate-oblong or rounded, cordate at base, shortly acuminate, acute, entire, shining on both sides. Spikes dense, cylindrical, female 2.5-5 cm long, pendulous.  Fruits sparingly produced, quite immersed in the fleshy spike, which is about 5 cm long, red.

Using Information:
Leaves are carminative, stomachic, tonic, laxative, stimulant, astringent and antiseptic; used for the cure of indigestion, colic, diarrhoea, pulmonary catarrh, laryngitis, headache and cough. Leaf stalks dipped in mastard oil is applied as suppository for rectal evacuation in infants. Fruit with honey is a remedy for cough. Root is reported to develop permanent sterility in women (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Ethanolic extract of the leaf possesses significant activities against wide range of pathogenic bacteria and phytopathogenic fungi (Begum et al., 2007 & Anwar et al., 2007).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves contain up to 1% of an essential oil with burning taste, composed of cadinene, chavicol, chavibetol and cineole. They also contain an alkaloid, arakene, tannins, starch, sugars and diastases. In addition, they contain β-carotene and α-tocopherol. Roots contain diosgenin and β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).


Cultivated all over the country.

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Retutn from PIPER BETEL to Medicinal Plants: Part P