Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Panjuli, Panseuli, Chitki, Pankushi.
Tribal Name: Kamboilodi pata (Chakma); Ghung-nel, Gounni (Marma); Bospai (Tripura).
Description of the Plant:
A large often scandent shrub; branches slender. Leaves 1.3-3.2 cm long, oblong or elliptic, tip rounded obtuse or acute. Flowers small, axillary, the males in fascicles of 2-6, subracemose on slender branches, the females solitary. Fruit small, sub granulate.
The leaves are employed as a diuretic and cooling medicine. Juice of the leaves is used in diarrhoea of infants. Pills made in combination with the leaf juice, camphor and cubebs are allowed to dissolve in the mouth as a remedy for spongy and bleeding gums. Fruits are astringent to the bowels; useful in inflammations. Decoction of the bark is considered alterative and attenuant. Marma of Chittagong Hill Tracts gives root juice for treating Malaria; it is given in dysentery in Chittagong (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves and bark contain gum, tannic acid and a crystalline principle. Roots contain octacosanol, taraxeryl acetate, friedelin, epifriedelinol, betulin, taraxerone, β-sitosterol, glochidonol and 21- α-hydroxyfriedelan-3-one (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout the country in fallow lands.