Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Panjuli, Panseuli, Chitki, Pankushi.

Tribal Name: Kamboilodi pata (Chakma); Ghung-nel, Gounni (Marma); Bospai (Tripura).

Description of the Plant:
A large often scandent shrub; branches slender. Leaves 1.3-3.2 cm long, oblong or elliptic, tip rounded obtuse or acute. Flowers small, axillary, the males in fascicles of 2-6, subracemose on slender branches, the females solitary. Fruit small, sub granulate.

Using Information:
The leaves are employed as a diuretic and cooling medicine. Juice of the leaves is used in diarrhoea of infants. Pills made in combination with the leaf juice, camphor and cubebs are allowed to dissolve in the mouth as a remedy for spongy and bleeding gums. Fruits are astringent to the bowels; useful in inflammations. Decoction of the bark is considered alterative and attenuant. Marma of Chittagong Hill Tracts gives root juice for treating Malaria; it is given in dysentery in Chittagong (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Leaves and bark contain gum, tannic acid and a crystalline principle. Roots contain octacosanol, taraxeryl acetate, friedelin, epifriedelinol, betulin, taraxerone, β-sitosterol, glochidonol and 21- α-hydroxyfriedelan-3-one (Ghani, 2003).

Throughout the country in fallow lands.


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Retutn from PHYLLANTHUS RETICULATUS to Medicinal Plants: Part P