Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: P. distichus Muell-Arg., Cicca disticha L., C. acida (L.) Merr.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Arboroi, Harbori, Noari, Neur.
English Name: Star Gooseberry, Country Gooseberry.
Description of the Plant:
A small deciduous tree, 6-9 m high, with very robust branches and slender leafy branchlets; bark very rough. Leaves pinnately distichous, 5-7.5 cm long; leaflets obliquely ovate, acute. Flowers minute, most densely clustered; clusters axillary or in slender racemes from the thick branches. Fruits globose, fleshy, acid, 3-4-lobed, generally 6-8 grooved.
Fruits are astringent, appetizer and tonic to the liver; used in bronchitis, biliousness, urinary concretions and piles; useful in thirst, vomiting and constipation. The root and the seeds are cathartic (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Fruits contain ascorbic and tartaric acids and tannin. Root bark contains tannin (18%) gallic acid, saponin, lupeol and a crystalline substance (Chopra et al., 1992). Stem bark contains a phytosterol, different from lupeol (Ghani, 2003).
Occasionally planted throughout the country.