PHOENIX SYLVESTRIS (L.)

Family: Arecaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Khajur, Khejur.

Tribal Name: Kheju-ba (Marma). 

English Name: Wild Date Palm, Date Sugar Plam.

Description of the Plant:
A tall graceful palm, 9-15 m high. Trunk rough from the persistent base of the leafstalks. Crown herispherical. Leaves 3-4.5 m long, pinnate, leaf bases bears few triangular short spines, reaching 10 cm. Pinnules very numerous, densely fascicled, 15-45 cm long, rigid, ensiform, spinous pointed. Fruit orange, 2.5-3.2 cm long, oblong-ellipsoid, scattered on long pendulous similarly coloured spikes.

Using Information:
Sap of the plant is nutritious, cooling and laxative. Central tender part is useful in gonorrhoea and gleet. Root is used in toothache and in nervous debility. Gum is useful in diarrhoea and genito-urinary diseases. Fruit is tonic and restorative. Being a sedative and nervine tonic the fruit is usefully employd for relieving backache and pain in the buttocks. It is also prescribed in cough, fever, nervous debility and gonorrhoea. Seed kernel, made into a paste with roots of Achyranthes aspera is taken with betel leaf for the remedy of ague. Marma use leaves to expel threadworms; for this purpose crushed fresh leaves are soaked in water overnight, then water is taken next morning in empty stomach (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Fruits contain ascorbic acid, free amino acids, mainly alanine. In addition they contain sugars, tannins, mucilage, vitamins A, B and D. They also contain salts and iron in an assimilable form. Seeds yield a fatty oil containing principally palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. Juice of the tree contains reducing sugars, aspartic acid, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, isoniazide and thiamine (Ghani, 2003).


PHOENIX SYLVESTRIS
PHOENIX SYLVESTRIS (L.)


Distribution:
Occurs throughout the country; plenty in the western districts.


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Retutn from PHOENIX SYLVESTRIS to Medicinal Plants: Part P