Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Khajur, Khejur.
Tribal Name: Kheju-ba (Marma).
English Name: Wild Date Palm, Date Sugar Plam.
Description of the Plant:
A tall graceful palm, 9-15 m high. Trunk rough from the persistent base of the leafstalks. Crown herispherical. Leaves 3-4.5 m long, pinnate, leaf bases bears few triangular short spines, reaching 10 cm. Pinnules very numerous, densely fascicled, 15-45 cm long, rigid, ensiform, spinous pointed. Fruit orange, 2.5-3.2 cm long, oblong-ellipsoid, scattered on long pendulous similarly coloured spikes.
Sap of the plant is nutritious, cooling and laxative. Central tender part is useful in gonorrhoea and gleet. Root is used in toothache and in nervous debility. Gum is useful in diarrhoea and genito-urinary diseases. Fruit is tonic and restorative. Being a sedative and nervine tonic the fruit is usefully employd for relieving backache and pain in the buttocks. It is also prescribed in cough, fever, nervous debility and gonorrhoea. Seed kernel, made into a paste with roots of Achyranthes aspera is taken with betel leaf for the remedy of ague. Marma use leaves to expel threadworms; for this purpose crushed fresh leaves are soaked in water overnight, then water is taken next morning in empty stomach (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Fruits contain ascorbic acid, free amino acids, mainly alanine. In addition they contain sugars, tannins, mucilage, vitamins A, B and D. They also contain salts and iron in an assimilable form. Seeds yield a fatty oil containing principally palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. Juice of the tree contains reducing sugars, aspartic acid, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, isoniazide and thiamine (Ghani, 2003).
Occurs throughout the country; plenty in the western districts.