Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Polygonum glabrum Willd.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Bihagni, Sada Kukri.
Description of the Plant:
An erect annual, with reddish stem, 0.6-1.5 m long, procumbent and usually reddish below. Leaves 7.5-23 cm long, lanceolate, finely acuminate; stipules 2.2-3.2 mm long, those on the old stem torn, when young completely sheathing the stem, the mouth truncate, not ciliate. Flowers pink, small, in paniculate slender racemes.
The juice of the herb is used as a remedy for fever. Infusion of leaves is used to relieve colic pain. Fresh juice of the leaves possesses poisonous properties (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Aerial parts contain a number of biologically active terpenoids and flavones. Leaves contain flavonoids, quercetin, rhamnetin, quercitrin, avicularin and rutin. Flowers contain pigments, delphinidin-3,5-diglucoside, cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside and quercetin. Stem and seeds contain vanillic, syringic, p-hydroxybenzoic, protocatechuic, gallic and coumaric acids, kaempferol, quercetin and hyperin. A pure anthelmintic and molluscicidal terpenoid substance (PGA) has been isolated from the methanolic extract of the leaves (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Sylhet, Chittagong; in ditches and swamps.