Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Luchi pata, Peperomia.
Description of the Plant:
A succulent, slender, much branched, anual herb with translucent cylindrical stem, up to 25 cm high. Leaves alternate, 2-2.5 cm long and as broad, broadly ovate-deltoid, acute, membranous. Flowers very small, in terminal and lateral spikes, 4-4.7 cm long; peduncle about 5 mm long. Fruit minute.
The plant is refrigerant; frequent use of this plant cures eczema. The crushed leaves are used for headache and fever; their juice is given in abdominal pains; used as an ingredient for anti-convulsions; a warm popultice is applied to boils and sores. Application of leaf paste helps in healing cracks along the periphery of the sole (Yusuf et al. 2009). Aqueous extract of the leaves shows antibacterial activity against Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus & E. coli (Anon, 1966).
Leaves contain a large quantity of the essential amino acids, lysine, leucine and isoleucine, moderate amounts of valine, threonine and phenylalanine and also many other essential and non-essential amino acids. Apiol, 2,4,5-trimethoxy styrene and 3 phytosterols, campesterol, stigmasterol and β-sitosterol have also been isolated from this plant (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout Bangladesh in moist, shady places.