Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Euphorbia tithymaloides (L.) Poit.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Rangchita, Belatisiz, Berachita
Tribal Name: Moroo Nak (Marma).
English Name: Jew’s Slipper.
Description of the Plant:
An ornamental laticiferous fleshy shrub about 1 m or more high. Leaves 5-7 cm long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, succulent; cyathia in terminal crowded cymes; involucre scarlet, bright red or orange, slipper-shaped.
Root along with the bark of Moringa oleifera is pounded together and administered after menstruation to develop permanent sterility in female. Root is also a powerful emetic. The latex has emetic, irritant and caustic properties; used in venereal troubles, also applied to warts and leucoderma patches (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Octacosanol, cycloartenone and β-sitosterol have been isolated from this plant. A fuel oil obtained from the plant is rich in aromatic hydrocarbons and oleifins. Leaves also contain n-hentriacontanol and a new triterpene, dehydrodammaranol A (Ghani, 2003). Azafrin has been isolated from roots (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). The latex contains euphorbin, cerin, myricin, resin and fatty oil (Anon, 1966).
Cultivated in gardens as hedge plant.