Family: Rubiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kukurchura, Falda, Bisophal

Tribal Name: Si Sa Thang, Na raing (Marma).

English Name: Indian Pellet Shrub.

Description of the Plant:
A stout bushy shrub 0.6-1.2 m high. Leaves 7.5-15 cm long, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, sometimes obovate-oblong, obtuse, acute or acuminate. Flowers white, odourous, in terminal sessile, corymbose, pubescent cymes. Fruit globose, black, 6-14 mm across.

Using Information:
Roots are aperient and tonic; frequently prescribed in visceral obstructions; along with ginger and rice water, useful in ascites and renal dropsy. Local fomentation with the leaves is useful in relieving the pain in haemorrhoidal piles (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical Constituents:
Stems contain a green resin, starch, an organic acid and a bitter glycoside resembling salicin. Root contains glucoside and is rich in D-mannitol. β-Sitosterol, α-amyrin, quercetin, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and three epi-ursolic acids have been isolated from the leaves of this plant. Analysis of the essential oil obtained from the stem revealed the presence of α- and β-pinenes, limonene, α-phellandrene, β-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, citronellol, linalool, geraniol and α-terpineol (Ghani, 2003).

Occur in the forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet.


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Retutn from PAVETTA INDICA to Medicinal Plants: Part P